What is Semaglutide ?

Semaglutide is a medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It belongs to the class of drugs known as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. The drug mimics the action of a naturally occurring hormone called GLP-1, which is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels.

Here's how semaglutide works:

  1. Stimulation of Insulin Release: Semaglutide stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body absorb and use glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream.

  2. Inhibition of Glucagon Release: It also reduces the production and release of glucagon, another pancreatic hormone. Glucagon raises blood sugar levels by promoting the release of glucose from the liver.

  3. Slowing Gastric Emptying: Semaglutide slows down the emptying of the stomach, which helps to control the rate at which glucose is absorbed from the digestive system.

  4. Brain Signaling: GLP-1 receptors are also present in the brain, and their activation by semaglutide may contribute to reduced appetite and food intake.

As for brand names, semaglutide is available under different brand names depending on the formulation and use. Some of the common brand names include:

  1. Ozempic®: This is the brand name for semaglutide when used as a once-weekly injection for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

  2. Rybelsus®: This is an oral formulation of semaglutide used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is taken in tablet form.